Air pollution exposure and depression: A comprehensive updated systematic review and meta-analysis

air pollution exposure and depression: a comprehensive updated systematic review and meta-analysis
air pollution exposure and depression: a comprehensive updated systematic review and meta-analysis

 

This recent review and meta-analysis of the existing literature focuses on the role of various air pollutants in increasing the risk of depression.

The air pollutants studied were particulate matter with a diameter ≤10 μm (PM10) and fine particles with a diameter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), sulfur dioxide (SO2), ozone (O3), and carbon monoxide (CO).

Both short-term (< 30 days) and long-term (≥ 30 days) exposures were considered.

The results of the overall data analysis from the literature showed an increased risk of depression with long-term exposure to PM2.5 and NO2, and short-term exposure to all the pollutants considered.

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